Foster Care for Adults-What you need to know
Adult Foster Care Services
Adult Foster Care (AFC) offers a unique living alternative for those with special needs.
It provides compassionate, personalized support and family-style care in the comfort of an intimate home setting.
Adult Foster Care is designed to help individuals maintain independence and quality of life.
This is while receiving necessary health services that allow them to live safely within their community.
It provides a 24-hour living arrangement with supervision in an adult foster home.
Adult Foster Care typically encompasses assisting with activities of daily living and personal care such as:
iv) meal preparation
v) medication management and
The biggest difference between Adult Foster Care and nursing homes or assisted living facilities is the availability of staff.
Staff are available 24 hours per day, 7 days a week in nursing homes or assisted living facilities.
Adult Foster Care providers live in the same house as their residents.
Benefits of Adult Foster Care
Adult Foster Care offers numerous benefits for individuals with special needs when compared to other forms of residential care.
One major advantage is the increased level of personal attention that residents receive from their caregivers in a home environment.
The smaller scale of Adult Foster Care homes makes it easier for providers to monitor residents’ health status regularly and address any issues as they arise.
Living in an Adult Foster Care environment can provide social stimulation that can often be hard to come by in nursing homes.
Institutional settings such as nursing homes have less opportunity for meaningful interaction with peers or caregivers.
Another benefit of Adult Foster Care is its ability to help maintain the residents current lifestyle while receiving quality medical care.
By living in adult foster homes, residents can have more control over decisions.
This includes what foods they eat or when they go out into the community.
These decisions are harder to make in larger institutions like assisted living facilities or nursing homes.
Adult Foster Care programs provide private rooms for each resident.
It gives greater privacy and autonomy than would otherwise be possible if multiple individuals were living under the same roof.
Adult Foster Care serves as a cost-effective option when compared with other forms of long-term residential care which can be prohibitively expensive.
This is due to its unique blend of personalized attention and affordability – especially when Medicaid coverage applies.
Adult family care is ideal for those who may not be able to afford more expensive options such as assisted living facilities but still need assistance with everyday activities such as:
ii. attending medical appointments
iii. taking medications properly.
Who Can Benefit from Adult Foster Care?
Adult Foster Care can be beneficial for any adult who requires additional support due to a physical or mental disability or age-related dementia or Alzheimer’s disease.
It is also beneficial for those who are transitioning from nursing home or hospital care back into a more independent community lifestyle and need extra assistance during the process.
Adult foster homes are especially helpful for those who may not require full time medical care but still require assistance to remain safe and live independently.
Adult Foster Care Home Definition
Adult Foster Care describes providing care in a home like setting.
The majority of states restrict homes to minimum five residents who receive care.
Fostering for adults is commonly synonym for adult care and the adult family existence in general.
How does Adult Foster Care differ from Senior Living Homes?
For the establishment of adult foster homes, administrators must be granted licenses by the government.
Other senior care facilities such as assisted living communities are generally private.
Small group assisted living communities provide accommodations in a variety of locations.
By contrast up to six senior citizens live in an adult foster home like environment.
Other differences between adult foster care and other types of seniors housing are that the caregiver stay with seniors who are residing with foster care.
What is it like to live in a foster home for senior adults?
Most state laws limit adult foster care homes to 3-6 resident households, according to AARP.
This enables each individual to be properly protected to maintain a safe environment.
All seniors have a bedroom in their own home and all residents share a communal kitchen/living room.
The care provided often includes assisting seniors with the daily activities such as transportation and preparation of meals.
Many senior housing foster homes have social or recreational programs.
Foster care for adults statistics
According to the Child Welfare Information Gateway, 213,964 children under 18 entered foster care in the United States in 2020.
In Georgia specifically, 700 children aged out of the foster care system in 2022.
Around 20% of those children became homeless due to having nowhere to go.
In a recent report, it was determined that 18,000 foster youth went without reunification or a permanent home in 2018.
Adult foster care costs
Adult foster care is a type of residential care for adults with special needs, providing a safe and supervised living environment.
The cost of adult foster care varies depending on the individual’s geographic location and the services they require.
Adult foster care is approximately half the cost of nursing home care and is usually less expensive than assisted living.
The cost of adult foster care can range from $2,000 to $4,000 per month ($24,000 to $48,000 per year).
Medicare does not cover room and board costs in adult foster care, but some states may offer financial assistance for residential care.
Medicaid may cover some or all of the costs associated with an adult foster home.
Some states offer financial assistance for Adult Foster Care from sources other than their Medicaid programs.
The Department of Veterans Affairs does not offer an official Adult Foster Care program.
However, there are some benefits available to veterans such as the Aid & Attendance Benefit that can be used to pay for it.
Adult Foster Care Regulations
Regulations for Adult Foster Care vary by state but generally require that the provider and resident live in the same household and share a common living area.
The Adult Foster Care provider must ensure the delivery of direct care to members in a qualified setting by a qualified AFC caregiver.
Adult Foster Care Requirements
The licensing requirements for Adult Foster Care vary by state.
In Michigan, the Adult Member of Household and Responsible Person must complete a Licensing Information Request form (BCHS-AFC 100).
The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services has specific requirements for residential care/assisted living facilities.
Minnesota requires that AFC license holders live in the AFC home. Additionally, Minnesota has a Rule 203 – Adult Foster Care Licensing Checklist which outlines the supervision requirements for Adult Foster Care homes.
Adult Foster Care Application
To apply for an Adult Foster Care license, applicants must read the Licensing Rules for Adult Foster Care Family Homes and the Adult Foster Care Licensing Act (1979 PA 218).
They must then complete a Licensing Information Request form (BCHS-AFC 100) and an Assessment of Provider and Adult Foster Care form (Form 2323).
If the home is applying for a Type C adult foster home license (four-bed homes only), a copy of Form 2323 should be sent to the Licensing Section, State Office, E-342.
For corporate AFC, CRS, FADS, or AFC/CRS licenses, applicants must complete a Family Systems License Application.